How to build a buffer pedal

I’m not an electronic expert, but I read enough docs on the internet to learn that using 10mt of cable puts me in loss of signal territory.
Long cables kill high frequencies, and true bypass pedals makes this even worse*. I won’t explain how a buffer works in detail (because I don’t actually know it), but it basically makes the guitar “feel” a high impedance signal, while it outputs low impedance signal suitable for 99% of pedals. Long cables aren’t an issue anymore, as the buffer breaks the length in two. Only the cable that runs from the guitar to the buffer affects high frequencies.

Also, don’t underestimate the power of a weird pedals in your pedalboard. When girls ask me “What does that pedal do?” and I go “It buffers”, they simply can’t resist. I’m getting laid a lot more since I’ve built this pedal.

Here are the parts and components:

  • PCB -> I got the circuit board from General Guitar Gadgets for about €5 (plus international shipping, makes about €8)
  • Hammond 1590B aluminum enclosure
  • TL071 OpAmp
  • 3x 2.2MΩ resistors
  • 1x 0.10uF capacitor
  • 1x 10uF capacitor
  • 1x IC DIP8 socket
  • 2x stereo jack socket
  • 1x 9V battery clip
  • 1x 9V DC 2.1mm socket
  • 1x golden white LED
  • 1x 1KΩ resistor
  • 1x 33KΩ resistor (values between 5KΩ and 1MΩ are suitable as well)
  • some wires
  • some heat shrink tube

Total with shipping (I got the components from an online store): about €25 total.

Here are the tools:

  • soldering iron, lead, sponge for cleaning the iron tip…
  • pliers, wire cutter, screwdriver…
  • some powertools to drill holes…
  • some patience
  • and whatever else you might need to get the job done

Here we go
I downloaded the instructions from GeneralGuitarGadgets.com website. The only big difference between the original circuit and the one I built is I omitted the 3PDT footswitch. There is no reason whatsoever to remove the buffer from the pedal chain.
I also added an output pull-down resistor to avoid pop sounds (more details at the end of the page. Yes, you have to scroll down and actually read text not just watch images).

(click on each image to enlarge)

Schematics
General Guitar Gadgets schematics and PCB
Box
Box of components and connectors. No, that’s not blood.
Test-fitting
Test-fitting the components
Assembling
I followed the schematics but I omitted the 3PDT switch, as a buffer should be active all the time IMHO.
Enclosure
Using an Hammon 1590B aluminum enclosure
Testing
Testing the circuit with a battery (notice the LED is lit)
Buffering!
Testing the buffer… it buffers! :-)
DC jack isolation
Notice that I had to isolate the DC connector from the ground, as it has center negative (thus having the connector touching the metal enclosure causes a short). I drilled a hole larger than the connector and used plastic washers on both inside and outside.

After plugging the buffer into my pedalboard I found out a loud pop occurred when I engaged a true bypass distortion pedal which comes right after the buffer pedal. After some research on the internet I found out there was some DC leaking through the output capacitor into the output jack of the buffer.

I solved this by soldering a 33KΩ resistor from the negative tip of the capacitor to the ground connector (pulldown resistor). Basically any value between 5KΩ and 1MΩ is ok. Low resistor values are good at eliminating pop sounds, but too low values can affect the tone as well. Trial and error, as there is no “perfect” value.

Pulldown resistor
33KΩ resistor is shown above. Any value between 5K and 1M should be ok, I had the 33K resistor lying around. Notice that the resistor is soldered from the negative lead of the output cap to the ground.
Assembled pedal
Here is the PCB, jacks and cables arranged into the enclosure. I added some foam to prevent the PCB from moving.
Finished pedal
Here is the pedal painted with a flat white spray can. I will add some colored stuff later, I gotta play now!

Improvements after this article has been written:

  • I replaced the metal DC plug with an isolated plug
  • Removed the battery clip and put the circuit in a smaller aluminum enclosure, saving some pedalboard real estate

 

 

* = further readings: ready for some interesting stuff?

Posted on July 13th 2012 by

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